|ANDRAGOGY and PEDAGOGY|
"Pedagogy" literally means "leading children."
"Andragogy" was a term coined to refer to the art/science of teaching adults.
Malcolm Knowles and others theorized that methods used to teach children are often not the most effective means of teaching adults. In The Modern Practice of Adult Education (1970), Knowles defined andragogy as "an emerging technology for adult learning." His four andragogical assumptions are that adults:
1) move from dependency
Initially defined as, "the art and science of helping adults learn," andragogy has come to be understood as an alternative to pedagogy; a learner-focused approach for people of all ages.
Pedagogy can also be thought of as "teacher-centered or directive" learning, and andragogy as "learner-centered/directed."
Adults over 21 are the fastest-growing segment of todays "undergraduates," especially in distance and online education. Consideration of andragogical principles in designing courses has become more vital and valid.
Andragogy asserts that adults learn best when: