Data Hiding Fundamentals and Applications

Content Security in Digital Multimedia

Husrev T. Sencar
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Mahalingam Ramkumar

Mississippi State University

Ali N. Akansu
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Elsevier-Academic Press, 2004. Click here for more information about the book.


Multimedia technologies are becoming more sophisticated, enableing the Internet to accomodate a rapidly growing audience with a full range of services and efficient delivery methods. Although the Internet now puts communication, education, commerce and socialization at our finger tips, its rapid growth has raised some weighty security concerns with respect to multimedia content. The owners of this content face enormous challenges in safeguarding their intellectual property, while still exploiting the Internet as an important resource for commerce. Data Hiding Fundamentals and Applications focuses on the theory and state-of-the-art applications of content security and data hiding in digital multimedia. One of the pillars of content security solutions is the imperceptible insertion of information into multimedia data for security purposes; the idea is that this inserted information will allow detection of unauthorized usage.


  1. Introduction
    • What is Data Hiding?
    • Forms of Data Hiding
    • Properties of Steganographic Communications
    • The Steganographic Channel
  2. Frameworks for Data Hiding
    • Signal Processing Framework
    • Data Hiding from a Communications Perspective
    • Relationship Between Communications and Signal Processing Frameworks
    • A Review of Data Hiding Methods
  3. Communication with Side Information and Data Hiding
    • Costa's Framework
    • A Framework Based on Channel Adaptive Encoding and Channel Independent Decoding
    • On the Duality of Communications and Data Hiding Frameworks
    • Codebook Generation for Data Hiding Methods
  4. Type I (Linear) Data Hiding
    • Linear Data Hiding in Transform Domain
    • Problem Statement
    • Capacity of Additive Noise Channels
    • Modeling Channel Noise
    • Visual Threshold
    • Channel Capacity vs. Choice of Transform
    • Some Capacity Results and Discussions
    • The Ideal Decomposition
    • Factors Influencing Choice of Transform
  5. Type II and Type III (Nonlinear) Data Hiding Methods
    • Type II Embedding and Detection
    • Type III Embedding and Detection
    • Performance Comparisons
    • Advanced Implementations
      • Spread Transforming
      • Multiple Codebook Data Hiding
    • Major Design Issues
      • DFT-Based Signaling
      • Synchronization
      • Perceptual Constraints
      • Attacks on Data Hiding Systems
      • Desynchronization Attacks
      • Security/Cryptographic Attacks
      • Protocol Attacks
      • Future Direction in Attack Design
    • Data Hiding Applications
      • Design of Data Hiding Methods Robust to Lossy Compression
      • Type III Hiding for Lossy Compression
      • Watermarking for Ownership
    • Appendix A
      • CAE-CID Framework under Varying Channel Noise
    • Appendix B
      • Statistics
    • Appendix C
      • Mathematical Proofs

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