Fluid Dynamics Seminar

Monday, Oct. 18, 2010, 4:00 PM
Cullimore Lecture Hall, Room 611
New Jersey Institute of Technology


Self-Sustaining Oscillations of the Falling Sphere Through the Johnson-Segalman Fluids

Young Ju Lee


Department of Mathematics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey



In this talk, we review a novel numerical method that can handle the rate-type non-Newtonian equations in a unified fashion and validate the methods in terms of various benchmark solutions as well as theoretical results. We then apply it to the real physical problems. In particular, we present our investigations and attempts to identify a mathematical model for the unusual phenomenon observed in motion of the sphere falling through the wormlike micellar fluids by Jayaraman and Belmonte; a sphere falling in a wormlike micellar fluids undergoes nontransient and continual oscillations. We tackle the Johnson-Segalman models in the parameter regimes that have been unexplored previously for the flow past a sphere and reproduce the self-sustaining, continual, (ir)regular and periodic oscillations. Our results show that the flow instability can be correlated with the critical value of the velocity gradient, as observed in experiments by Jayaraman and Belmonte in 2003. If time permits, we also present recent works on the boundary conditions for the diffusive complex fluids models as well as the fast stokes solvers implemented in a full parallel fashion.